From 1919-1921 three Silesian Uprisings occurred among the Polish-speaking populace of Upper Silesia; the Battle of Annaberg was fought in the region in 1921. The last pre-WW1 general census figures available, are from 1910 (if not including the 1911 census of school children - Sprachzählung unter den Schulkindern - which revealed a higher percent of Polish-speakers among school children than the 1910 census among the general populace). [citation needed]. The current head of the movement is Jerzy Gorzelik. After the First World War the region was divided between Poland (East Upper Silesia) and Germany (West Upper Silesia). This map was created by a user. Another channel is TVT. Upper Silesia further fragmented upon the death of Duke Władysław Opolski in 1281 into the duchies of Bytom, Opole, Racibórz and Cieszyn. 51), Krzysztof Gwozdz (2000) "The Image of Upper Silesia in geography textbooks 1921-1998", in: Boleslaw Domanski (Ed. The ways of dressing intertwined with the movement of people in the 19th and 20th century. In the southernmost areas, also Lach dialects were spoken. Polen beanspruchte Oberschlesien für sich, ein Gebiet östlich der Neiße und Hauptsiedlungsgebiet der schlesisch-polnischen Bevölkerung. After the 1620 Battle of White Mountain, the Catholic Emperors of the Habsburg dynasty forcibly re-introduced Catholicism, led by the Jesuits. About 1269 the Duchy of Opava was established on adjacent Moravian territory, ruled by the Přemyslid duke Nicholas I, whose descendants inherited the Duchy of Racibórz in 1336. A good many German-speaking Upper Silesians were relocated in Bavaria. (Bochumer Geographische Arbeiten No. The plan to divide the region was suggested by the Inter-Allied Commission on Upper Silesia, headed by the French general Henri Le Rond. In 2018 they failed to get any mandates with 3.10%. In 1742 the greater part of Upper Silesia was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia, and in 1871 it became part of the German Empire. In 2010, RAS (Ruch Autonomii Śląska) had 8.49% of the votes in the Silesian Regional Assembly, i.e. Upon the death of the Jagiellonian king Louis II in 1526, the Bohemian crown lands were inherited by the Austrian House of Habsburg. In the 16th century, large parts of Silesia had turned Protestant, promoted by reformers like Caspar Schwenckfeld. Also the total land area in which Polish language was spoken, as well as the land area in which it was spoken by the majority, declined between 1790 and 1890. However, this arrangement fell apart when upon the death of Bolesław III and his testament the fragmentation of Poland began, which decisively enfeebled its central authority. Upper Silesian cuisine belongs to Central European cuisines and is therefore characterized by high calorific value of dishes. In the struggle around the Polish throne, Mieszko additionally received the former Lesser Polish lands of Bytom, Oświęcim, Zator, Siewierz and Pszczyna from the new Polish High Duke Casimir II the Just in 1177. Latest Financial Press Releases and Reports, Making Sense of Illustrated Handwritten Archives. Jahrhundert, The area formally became part of the Republic of Poland by virtue of the German-Polish border treaty of November 14, 1990. German civilians, as well as Nazi criminals, were interned in labor camps such as the Zgoda labour camp. Upper Silesia is situated on the upper Oder River, north of the Eastern Sudetes mountain range and the Moravian Gate, which form the southern border with the historic Moravia region. Deutsch-polnisches Abkommen über Ostschlesien (Genfer Abkommen)", "Gemeindeverzeichnis Deutschland: Schlesien", "Rocznik statystyki Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej 1920/21", "Schlesien: Geschichte im 20. Typical Upper Silesian dishes are consumed here, as well as dishes that are also present in Lesser Poland and Greater Poland at the same time. Lower Silesia and most of Upper Silesia were occupied by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1742 during the First Silesian War and annexed by the terms of the Treaty of Breslau. In Upper Silesia, metallurgy, mining and other heavy industry branches are developed. Jahrhundert geändert wurden, Polnisch oder tschechoslowakisch – ein vergessener Konflikt um das südliche Oberschlesien, Warten auf den dritten Weltkrieg: Die Stimmungslage in Oberschlesien nach 1945, Abstimmung mit den Füßen. This expulsion program also included German-speaking inhabitants of Lower Silesia, eastern Brandenburg, eastern Pomerania, Gdańsk (Danzig), and East Prussia. Divided Cieszyn Silesia as well as former Austrian Silesia are historical parts of Upper Silesia. The German expellees were transported to the present-day Germany (including the former East Germany), and Polish migrants, a sizeable part of whom were themselves expelleés from former Polish provinces taken over by the USSR in the east. According to the 9th century Bavarian Geographer, the West Slavic Opolanie tribe had settled on the upper Oder River since the days of the Migration Period, centered on the gord of Opole. At the time of Prince Svatopluk I (871–894), all Silesia was a part of his Great Moravian realm. Oberschlesische Technikdenkmäler. Der Westteil des bis 1918 bei Österreich verbliebenen Österreichisch-Schlesien gehört … Heydebreck was a Nazi Germany village area with POW camps Arbeitskommando E711A and Bau und Arbeits (BAB, English: Building and Labor) camp 20: a (renamed E794 in November 1944). Upper Silesia was hit by the Hussite Wars and in 1469 was conquered by King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary, while the Duchies of Oświęcim and Zator fell back to the Polish Crown. The Polish Upper Silesian territory covers most of the Opole Voivodeship, except for the Lower Silesian counties of Brzeg and Namysłów, and the western half of the Silesian Voivodeship (except for the Lesser Polish counties of Będzin, Bielsko-Biała, Częstochowa with the city of Częstochowa, Kłobuck, Myszków, Zawiercie and Żywiec, as well as the cities of Dąbrowa Górnicza, Jaworzno and Sosnowiec). Drei deutsche Grenzprovokationen aus dem Jahre 1939. It is currently split into a larger Polish and the smaller Czech Silesian part, which is located within the Czech regions of Moravia-Silesia and Olomouc. Upper Silesia (Polish: Górny Śląsk; Silesian: Gůrny Ślůnsk; Czech: Horní Slezsko; German: Oberschlesien; Silesian German: Oberschläsing; Latin: Silesia Superior) is the southeastern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia, located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic. Figures (Table 1.) On the territory of Upper Silesia, TVP Info broadcasts the regional channels TVP Opole and TVP Katowice of the public Polish Television. : b Five km west: 74 in the Cosel district was a subcamp of Auschwitz III operated from April 1, 1944 to January 26, 1945. Die Auswanderung von Oberschlesiern in die Bundesrepublik und die DDR, Wendezeit – Die Jahre 1989/1990 in Polen aus Sicht der oberschlesischen Deutschen, Schönwald – Ein fränkisches Dorf bei Gleiwitz, Siedlungen böhmischer „Hussiten“ im ehemals deutschen Oberschlesien, Das sprachliche Porträt der Region im 20. Within the adjacent Silesian Beskids to the east, the Vistula River rises and turns eastwards, the Biała and Przemsza tributaries mark the eastern border with Lesser Poland. Population figures as of 1995 (all in Poland unless otherwise indicated). show that large demographic changes took place between 1819 and 1910, with the region's total population quadrupling, the percent of German-speakers increasing significantly, and that of Polish-speakers declining considerably. While Latin, Czech and German language were used as official languages in towns and cities, only in the 1550s (during the Protestant Reformation) did records with Polish names start to appear. The plans to re-unifiy Silesia shattered upon the Mongol invasion of Poland and the death of Duke Henry II the Pious at the 1241 Battle of Legnica. As they ruled both duchies in personal union, Opava grew into the Upper Silesian territory. By 990 the newly installed Piast duke Mieszko I of the Polans had conquered large parts of Silesia. A private Upper Silesian station is Radio Piekary. Upper Silesia (Polish: Górny Śląsk; Silesian: Gůrny Ślůnsk;[1] Czech: Horní Slezsko; German: Oberschlesien; Silesian German: Oberschläsing; Latin: Silesia Superior) is the southeastern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia, located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic. In the north, Upper Silesia borders on Greater Poland, and in the west on the Lower Silesian lands (the adjacent region around Wrocław also referred to as Middle Silesia). In contrast to the situation in Lower Silesia, where almost the totality of the pre-war population that was expelled was exclusively German-speaking, the pre-war population of Upper Silesia was in considerable number Roman Catholic mixed bilingual that spoke both German and Polish dialects, and their Polish linguistic skills were considered solid enough for them to be kept in the area. Silesian women's clothes vary depending on the region and even the individual towns and villages they come from. The expulsions of German-speakers did not totally eliminate the presence of a population that considered itself German. Since the 9th century, Upper Silesia has been part of (chronologically) Greater Moravia, the Duchy of Bohemia, the Piast Kingdom of Poland, again of the Lands of the Bohemian Crown and the Holy Roman Empire, as well as of the Habsburg Monarchy from 1526. In the early 13th century the ties of the Silesian Piasts with the neighbouring Holy Roman Empire grew stronger as several dukes married scions of German nobility. German Folk (Deutsche Volksmusik, Volksweisen, ) Oberschlesien ist mein liebes Heimatland текст: 1. Wo liegt Oberschlesien? During the re-establishment of Poland under King Casimir III the Great, all Silesia was specifically excluded as non-Polish land by the 1335 Treaty of Trentschin becoming a land of the Bohemian Crown and — indirectly — of the Holy Roman Empire. On June 20, 1922, the Weimar Republic ceded, de facto, the East Upper Silesia region, becoming part of Silesian Voivodeship of the Second Polish Republic. The exact border, the maintenance of cross-border railway traffic and other necessary co-operations, as well as equal rights for all inhabitants in both parts of Upper Silesia, were all fixed by the German-Polish Accord on East Silesia,[11] signed in Geneva on May 15, 1922. Jahrhundert", Report on the Typhus Epidemic in Upper Silesia, Evangelical Church in Berlin, Brandenburg and Silesian Upper Lusatia, Silesian Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession, Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Silesian-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing Lower Silesian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, H. Förster, B. Kortus (1989) "Social-Geographical Problems of the Cracow and Upper Silesia Agglomerations", Paderborn. A small part of Upper Silesia stayed as part of Czechoslovakia as Czech Silesia. Coordinates: 50°N 18°E / 50°N 18°E / 50; 18, Historical region in Poland and Czech Republic, Upper Silesia is in Poland, to the north-east of the Czech Republic, Ethnolinguistic structure before the plebiscite, Interwar Silesian Voivodeship was formed from Prussian,,, "Stosunki narodowościowe na Śląsku w świetle relacji pruskich urzędników z roku 1882", Volksabstimmungen in Oberschlesien 1920-1922 (, Die Volksabstimmung in Oberschlesien 1921 (, "Cf. Agriculture plays a secondary role, developed mainly in Opole Silesia. Regionally oriented radio stations are Polskie Radio Opole and Polskie Radio Katowice of the state radio station. Radio Mittendrin is a German-Polish Internet radio station of the German minority. It is supposed to continue the traditions of the German period, but also of Silesia under the Second Polish Republic. The majority of the German-speaking population that had not fled was expelled, an activity that was euphemized as "transfers [to] be effected in an orderly and humane manner" in accordance with the decision of the victorious Allied powers at their 1945 meeting at Potsdam. In the second half of the twentieth century, dishes from the Polish borderland cuisine (potato pancakes, dumplings with cheese, red borscht, bigos) gained popularity in Upper Silesia.


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