On 27 March 1968, Gagarin took off with MiG-15UTI fighter with flight instructor Vladimir Seryogin for a routine training flight from Chkalovsky Air Base, but the flight ended tragically: their plane crashed near the town of Kirzhach. After entering space, Gagarin completed a single orbit around Earth. Sturmanskie - Gagarin watch In 1949 the manufacturing of Sturmanskie watches was started. Cosmonaut Valeri Bykovsky wrote: "Service in the air force made us strong, both physically and morally. When Komarov's flight ended in a fatal crash, Gagarin was ultimately banned from training for and participating in further spaceflights. Logos for all crewed European spacefiights. Just after lift-off, Gagarin reputedly called out, "Poyekhali!" When Vostok 1 was still about 7 km (4.35 miles) from the ground, Gagarin ejected (as planned) from the spacecraft and used a parachute to land safely. Out of this large pool of applicants, 20 were chosen in 1960 to be the Soviet Union's first cosmonauts; Gagarin was one of the 20. He had accomplished what no other human being had ever done before. When the 20 candidates were asked to anonymously vote for which other candidate they would like to see as the first to fly, all but three chose Gagarin. On the same day he graduated from Orenburg with top honors in November 1957, Yuri Gagarin married his sweetheart, Valentina ("Valy") Ivanovna Goryacheva. One of his colleagues, cosmonaut Yevgeni Khrunov, believed that Gagarin was very focused, and was demanding of himself and others when necessary. Instead, he helped train future cosmonauts. While there he met Valentina Goryacheva, whom he married in 1957, after gaining his pilot's wings in a MiG-15. Poginuo je pri rutinskom letu u dvosedu sa još jednim pilotom. By the moment Gagarin started training for a space mission he had 230 hours in flight to his credit. For decades, people speculated about how Gagarin, an experienced pilot, could safely fly to space and back but die during a routine flight. His accomplishment was known around the globe. Gagarin had served as back-up pilot for Vladimir Komarov on Soyuz 1. Gagarin was laid to rest in the wall of the Kremlin on Red Square. The Nazis also sent Yuri's two sisters to Germany to work as forced laborers. Gagarin learned quickly and was obviously at ease in a plane. They were standard issue to all air force pilots at the time and were never sold in shops. After starting an apprenticeship in a metalworks as a foundryman, Gagarin was selected for further training at a technical high school in Saratov. Nearly as soon as Gagarin's feet touched the ground back on Earth, he became an international hero. I don't think I am wrong when I say that sports became a fixture in the life of the cosmonauts.". In 1962, he began serving as a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. Valentina Tereshkova: The First Woman in Space, 16 Black Americans in Astronomy and Space, A Short History of Roscosmos and the Soviet Space Program, Project Gemini: NASA's Early Steps to Space, History of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), The History and Legacy of Project Mercury, History of the Apollo 11 Mission, "One Giant Leap for Mankind", B.A., History, University of California at Davis. He was not given the controls because many scientists were worried about the psychological effects of being in space (i.e. Yuri was the third of four children and spent his childhood on a collective farm where his father, Alexey Ivanovich Gagarin, worked as a carpenter and bricklayer and his mother, Anna Timofeyevna Gagarina, worked as a milkmaid. The couple eventually had two daughters together. Gagarin did not control the spacecraft during his mission; however, in case of an emergency, he could have opened an envelope left on board for the override code. Gagarin was also a favoured candidate by his peers. On March 27, 1968, Gagarin was test-piloting a MiG-15 fighter jet when the plane plummeted to the ground, killing Gagarin instantly at the age of 34. Once on the ground, Gagarin, dressed in an orange spacesuit and wearing a large white helmet, terrified the two women. He made his first solo flight in 1955. All of us cosmonauts took up sports and PT seriously when we served in the air force. During the extensive physical and psychological testing required of the chosen cosmonaut trainees, Gagarin excelled at the tests while maintaining a calm demeanor as well as his sense of humor. He was only 27 years old when the mission took place. Yuri was the third of four children, and his elder sister helped raise him while his parents worked. Gagarin kept physically fit throughout his life, and was a keen sportsman. Although he never again went to space, his achievement was one of the most significant events of the "space race" which eventually saw men land on the moon. ), sovjetski kosmonaut. I know that Yuri Gagarin was fond of ice hockey. Right before Gagarin landed (near the village of Uzmoriye, near the Volga River), a local farmer and her daughter spotted Gagarin floating down with his parachute. One of his colleagues, cosmonaut Yevgeni Khrunov, believed that Gagarin was very focused, and was demanding of himself and others when necessary. Later, Gagarin would be chosen to be the first man into space because of these skills. born in Klushino, a small village west of Moscow in Russia (then known as the Soviet Union). In April 1961, Gagarin became the first human to travel into space, launching to orbit aboard the Vostok 3KA-3 (Vostok 1). On April 12, 1961, Yuri Gagarin boarded Vostok 1 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. He became a lieutenant in the Soviet air force on 5 November 1957, and was promoted to senior lieutenant on 6 November 1959. At the end of the orbit, Vostok 1 reentered the Earth's atmosphere. Gagarin's skills led him to the Orenburg Aviation School, where he learned to fly MiGs. Minutes before the launch, Gagarin gave a speech, which included: Vostok 1, with Yuri Gagarin inside, launched on schedule at 9:07 a.m. Moscow Time. He continued on to a trade school, where he learned to be a metalworker and then went on to an industrial school. (The Soviets did this to get around a technicality about how flights were officially recognized at the time.). Prvi je čovek koji je otputovao u svemir 12. aprila 1961. godine u svemirskoj letelici Vostok I.Let je trajao 1 sat i 48 minuta. After Soviet Union decided to launch a human being to space, a secret nationwide selection process was started in 1960 and Gagarin was chosen with 19 other pilots. Gagarin was 1.57 metres tall. Ю́рий Алексе́евич Гага́рин; 9. maaliskuuta 1934 Gžatsk, Neuvostoliitto – 27. maaliskuuta 1968) oli Neuvostoliiton ilmavoimien majurin arvoinen koelentäjä, neuvostoliittolainen kosmonautti ja samalla maailman ensimmäinen avaruuslentäjä.Lentonsa jälkeen hänet ylennettiin ensin majuriksi ja myöhemmin everstiksi. After graduating, Gagarin was sent on some missions. Since Gagarin had discovered a love of flying, he joined the Soviet Air Force. After graduation, he was assigned to Luostari airbase in Murmansk Oblast. You have already liked this page, you can only like it once! His parents, Alexei Ivanovich Gagarin and Anna Timofeyevna Gagarina, worked on a collective farm. Traveling at supersonic speed, the jet flew perilously close to Gagarin's MiG, likely overturning the MiG with its backwash and sending Gagarin's jet into a deep spiral. Yuri Gagarin (March 9, 1934–March 27, 1968) made history on April 12, 1961, when he became both the first person in the world to enter space and the first person to orbit the Earth. Gagarin was to be the very first human being in space, truly going where no man had gone before. After the flight, he became a global celebrity, touring widely to promote the Soviet achievement. Cosmonaut trainee Gherman Titov was chosen to be the backup in case Gagarin was unable to make the first space flight. From launch (at 9:07 a.m.) to Vostok 1 touching down on the ground (10:55 a.m.) was 108 minutes, a number often used to describe this mission. Jurij Aleksejevič Gagarin (ruski: Юрий Алексеевич Гагарин), Gžatsk, 9. mart 1934.- Kiržač, Vladimirska oblast, Sovjetski Savez 27. mart 1968. In school, Yuri Gagarin loved both mathematics and physics. He later returned to the Star City training facility, where he spent some years working on designs for a reusable spacecraft. (It also helped that he was short in stature since Vostok 1's capsule was small.) Although he was fully trained for the mission, no one knew if it was going to be a success or a failure. He was promoted to lieutenant-colonel in June 1962, and then to colonel in November 1963. Juri Gagarini u lind në fshatin Klushino pranë Gzhatsk më 9 mars 1934, i lindur nga Alexey Ivanovich Gagarin (babai) dhe Anna Timofeyevna Gagarin (nëna), thuhet se Alexey ishte nje zdrukthtar, ndersa Anna nje lexuese e pangopur.Yuri ishte i treti nga të katërtit fëmijët, ndërsa prindërit e tij kan punuar në një ferm. they were worried he would go mad). Since he had been following the Soviet Union's progress in space flight, he was confident that soon his country would send a man into space. Some thought he was drunk. On 12 April 1961, Gagarin became the first human to travel into space in Vostok 3KA-2 (Vostok 1) and return. Life was difficult during the war and the Gagarins were kicked out of their home. Jennifer Rosenberg is a historian and writer who specializes in 20th-century history. Gagarin was also a favoured candidate by his peers. Others believed that Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev wanted Gagarin dead because he was jealous of the cosmonaut's fame. Gagarin was rocketed into space using an automated system. He wanted to be that man, so he volunteered to be a cosmonaut. In 1941, Yuri Gagarin was just 7 years old when the Nazis invaded the Soviet Union. Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin was born on 9 March 1934 in the village of Klushino near Gzhatsk (now in Smolensk Oblast, Russia). While there, he joined the 'AeroClub', and learned to fly light aircraft, a hobby that would take up an increasing part of his time. In August 1960, when Gagarin was one of 20 possible candidates, an air force doctor evaluated his personality as: "Modest; embarrasses when his humour gets a little too racy; high degree of intellectual development evident; fantastic memory; distinguishes himself from his colleagues by his sharp and far-ranging sense of attention to his surroundings; a well-developed imagination; quick reactions; persevering, prepares himself painstakingly for his activities and training exercises, handles celestial mechanics and mathematical formulae with ease as well as excels in higher mathematics; does not feel constrained when he has to defend his point of view if he considers himself right; appears that he understands life better than a lot of his friends.". In 1955, after completing his technical schooling, he entered flight training at the Orenburg Military Pilot's School. ("Off we go!"). Yuri Gagarin's successful flight into space paved the way for all future space exploration. Yuri Gagarin (March 9, 1934–March 27, 1968) made history on April 12, 1961, when he became both the first person in the world to enter space and the first person to orbit the Earth. The calculation of 108 minutes is used because the fact that Gagarin ejected from the spacecraft and parachuted to the ground was kept secret for many years. It took Gagarin a few minutes to convince them that he too was Russian and to direct him to the nearest phone. It was at the industrial school in Saratov that he joined a flying club. However, in June 2013, fellow cosmonaut, Alexey Leonov (the first man to conduct a spacewalk), revealed that the accident was caused by a Sukhoi fighter jet that had been flying too low. After his successful first flight into space, Gagarin never again was sent into space. Yuri Gagarin was just one of 3,000 applicants to be the first Soviet cosmonaut. Gagarin landed safely with his parachute about 10 minutes after Vostok 1 came down. However, while Gagarin enjoyed being a fighter pilot, what he really wanted to do was to go to space. When the 20 candidates were asked to anonymously vote for which other candidate they would like to see as the first to fly, all but three chose Gagarin. All candidates were men, no taller than 175 centimeters and having a body mass of 70-72 kilograms. Gagarin and the other prospective cosmonauts were subjected to experiments designed to test physical and psychological endurance; he also underwent training for the upcoming flight. The phrase Gagarin used when his spacecraft launched, “Poyehali!”, meaning something along the lines of “Let’s go!” became so popular, people in the USSR started using it as a greeting. Soviet officials tried to keep him away from flying aircraft, being worried of losing their hero in an accident. Out of the 20 selected, the eventual choices for the first launch were Gagarin and Gherman Titov, because of their performance in training, as well as their physical characteristics — space was at a premium in the small Vostok cockpit and both men were rather short. Although he never again went to space, his achievement was one of the most significant events of the "space race" which eventually saw men land on the moon. Juri Aleksejevitš Gagarin (ven. The Vostok 1's top speed reached 28,260 kph (about 17,600 mph). Gagarin was further selected for an elite training group known as the 'Sochi Six', who would make up the the first cosmonauts of the Vostok programme.


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